Chaos Language in the Bible - Michael Heiser


Video from Houseform Apologetics


"Dr. Michael Heiser explains how the Bible uses chaos and creation language—chaos imagery is present in both testaments. The Bible does not mention dinosaurs or cohabitation during the biblical period. I know many Christians think that the Bible requires simultaneous habitation, due to their view of Genesis and “Leviathan” and “behemoth” in the wisdom literature, but that simply isn’t the case. There is no such biblical requirement. What exactly does leviathan refer to in the Book of Job? The OT often points out or opposes specific truths found in local ancient literature of its day. We know that the book of Job is referencing the pagan mythological sources for many reasons: • Job 7:12 refers to Yam (also Yamm) the Ugaritic sea and river god. Also, Tanninim (Tunannu in Ugaritic) the Canaanite, Phoenician, and Hebrew sea monster (comparable to the Leviathan of Job 41:1) • Job 9:13 refers to Rahab (Tiamat in the Enûma Eliš) the Mesopotamian sea beast—see also Psalm 104, Psalm 89: 5–12, and Isaiah 51:9–10 • Tannin appears in the Ba’al Cycle as one of the servants of Yam (lit. sea) defeated by Ba’al (lit. lord) or bound by his sister, ’Anat. He’s usually depicted as serpentine. • In The Babylonian story, Marduk slays Tiamat, the chaotic sea- monster and mother of all gods, whose husband, Apsu, had plans to do away with her noisy children, the rest of the gods. Marduk then uses the corpse of Tiamat to create the world as we know it. As chaotic sea-monster, Tiamat is comparable to the Israelite Leviathan or the Ugaritic (Canaanite) Yamm." from video introduction.


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