Video from eqm
"In the standard account of the history of Western philosophy, the enterprise begins in 624 BCE in ancient Greece with the birth of Thales (THAY-lees). Thales and his two successors, Anaximander (an-AX-ih-man-der) and Anaximenes (an-ax-IH-men-ees), were based out of the city of Miletus (my-LEE-tus), and hence they are known collectively as the Milesian (my-LEE-zhin) philosophers. They were among the first of the so-called Presocratic philosophers (mostly philosophers born before Socrates1).
The geography of Miletus is notable, because when we say that philosophy began in ancient Greece, it is not Athens or even the Greek mainland of which we speak. Back in the time of the Milesians, if you sailed east from the Greek mainland, crossing the Aegean Sea until you hit the coast of what is now called Anatolia, you would have landed in a region then known as Ionia, which consisted of a league of Greek colonies. Miletus, situated a little bit south of Ephesus, was one of these colonies. To the east of Ionia was the kingdom of Lydia, which actually ended up conquering Ionia; even further to the east was the Persian Empire, which in turn ended up conquering both Lydia and Ionia around 545 BCE.2.." from the article: THE MILESIANS AND THE ORIGIN OF PHILOSOPHY
"The Ancient Greeks were known for their philosophical ideas and concepts and all of them impacted their society in some way. It seems that the Ancient Greeks wanted to understand the world that they lived even better than they already did. Although they had their myths and legends to help them explain certain things, this didn’t seem to satisfy everyone. In some cases, a philosopher would come up with his principals and ideas to refute the ideas of others. In some cases, this is how the eleatics begin. Here’s a look at what eleatic philosophy is as well as information about its founder, Parmenides:" from the article: What is Eleatic Philosophy?