"The Old City: העיר העתיקה البلدة القديمة, al- is a 0.9 square kilometre mile) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem; it lies within East Jerusalem. Until the 1860s this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. The Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount and its Western Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians, and the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims." from video introduction
For a millennia, Jerusalem has been an epicenter, drawing the attention of much of the world, and the city figures prominently in biblical history/biblical prophecy. Jerusalem is central to many important events in the Bible and is considered by some to be the most significant place on earth.
The city of Jerusalem is located on the edge of one of the highest tablelands in Israel, south of the center of the country, about thirty-seven miles east of the Mediterranean Sea and about twenty-four miles west of the Jordan River. Its strategic location is lined on two sides by deep ravines, provides a natural defense for the city. Jerusalem is called by various names in Scripture: “Salem,” “Ariel,” “Jebus,” the “city of God,” the “holy city,” the “city of David,” and “Zion.” Jerusalem itself means “possession of peace.”